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About GP3

2017-07-18

The GP3 Series, or GP3 for short, is a single seater motor racing series launched in 2010 as a feeder series for the GP2 Series, introduced by GP2 organiser Bruno Michel.

GP3 follows the entire European leg of the Formula One series and the GP2 series as a support race for the two. In 2012, the series visited the Monaco street circuit after 2 years of attempts, as they were always unable to beforehand due to lack of room. Like the GP2 series, GP3 gives drivers the experience of the Grand Prix environment, and takes advantage of the infrastructure, such as marshals and medical facilities, in place for the Formula One events. GP3 Series mainly races on European circuits, but has appearances on other international race tracks as well with their most recent races in the only 2015 season at the Bahrain International Circuit in Bahrain and the Yas Marina Circuit in United Arab Emirates since 2010 season but GP3 Series are planning for more international races such as Albert Park, Austin, Interlagos, Marina Bay, Mexico City, Montreal, Shanghaiand Suzuka in the future as the GP3 Series international expansion project plan.

Many drivers have since stepped up to GP2 since the series began, with the 2010 champion Esteban Gutiérrez, Pål Varhaug and ninth-place finisher Stefano Coletti being the first to do so for the 2011 season. 2011 champion Valtteri Bottas did not follow suit however, and instead joined Williams F1 as a reserve driver. Meanwhile, James Calado, Rio Haryanto, Simon Trummer, Tom Dillmann and Nigel Melker all joined GP2 for the 2012 season. Other drivers who have graduated to other series are James Jakes who moved to the IndyCar Series for 2011, Josef Newgarden to the Indy Lights series in 2011 and Alexander Rossi and Robert Wickens who moved to the Formula Renault 3.5 Series in 2011 and Lewis Williamson in 2012.

In the series' short history, nine drivers have gone on to compete, or are competing in Formula One currently after GP3. These include former champions Gutiérrez, Kvyat, Bottas and Ocon for Sauber, Red Bull Racing, Williams and Manor respectively, Jean-Éric Vergne and Carlos Sainz Jr. for Toro Rosso.

GP3 Series cars
The GP3 Series car is a standardised car used by all of the competing teams.

Dallara GP3/10
See also: Dallara GP3/10
Chassis:
For the 2010-2012 seasons, the GP3 series used the GP3/10 chassis.
The car had been designed and built by Dallara, who currently produces the GP2 chassis.
Engine:
The GP3/10 used a four-cylinder 2.0-litre turbocharged 280 hp engine developed by Renault Sport, while turbochargers were supplied by Pankl Racing Systems. The wastegate was included due to turbocharger rules.
Gearbox:
The GP3/10 used a 6 speed longitudinal sequential Hewland gearbox.
Tyres:
Pirelli supplied the tyres for GP3 from 2010 to 2012, same supplier for the GP2 Series.
Engine displacement: 2.0 L (122 cu in) DOHC inline-4
Gearbox: 6-speed paddle shift gearbox (must have reverse)
Weight: 1,389 lb (630 kg)
Power output: 280 hp (209 kW)
Fuel: Elf LMS 102 RON unleaded
Fuel capacity: 65 litres (17 US gallons)
Fuel delivery: Fuel injection
Aspiration: Single-turbocharger
Length: 4,471 mm (176 in)
Width: 1,885 mm (74 in)
Wheelbase: 2,780 mm (109 in)
Steering: Non-assisted rack and pinion
Dallara GP3/13[edit]
For the 2013-2015 seasons, the GP3 series used the GP3/13 chassis.[4]

Chassis:
The car was also designed and built by Dallara.
Engine:
The GP3/13 used a naturally aspirated 3.4-litre V6 400 hp engine, developed by AER Ltd. with designation P57.
Gearbox:
The GP3/13 used a 6 speed longitudinal sequential gearbox developed by Hewland.
Tyres:
Pirelli continued to supply the tyres for GP3 from 2013 onwards.
Engine displacement: 3.4 L (207 cu in) DOHC V6
Gearbox: 6-speed paddle shift gearbox (must have reverse)
Weight: 1,389 lb (630 kg)
Power output: 400 hp (298 kW)
Fuel: Elf LMS 102 RON unleaded
Fuel capacity: 65 litres (17 US gallons)
Fuel delivery: Fuel injection
Aspiration: naturally aspirated
Length: 4,480 mm (176 in)
Width: 1,880 mm (74 in)
Wheelbase: 2,780 mm (109 in)
Steering: Non-assisted rack and pinion
Dallara GP3/16
The series uses another new chassis for the 2016 season, and will continued to be used until 2018.[5]

Chassis:
The car has also been designed and built by Dallara.
Engine:
The GP3/16 uses a naturally aspirated 3.4-litre V6 400 hp engine, developed by Mecachrome, prepared and maintained by Teos Engineering.
Gearbox:
The GP3/16 will again use a 6 speed longitudinal sequential gearbox developed by Hewland.
Tyres:
Pirelli will continue to supply the tyres for GP3 from 2016 onwards.
Engine displacement: 3.4 L (207 cu in) DOHC V6
Gearbox: 6-speed paddle shift gearbox (must have reverse)
Weight: 1,457 lb (661 kg)
Power output: 400 hp (298 kW)
Fuel: Elf LMS 102 RON unleaded
Fuel capacity: 65 litres (17 US gallons)
Fuel delivery: Direct fuel injection
Aspiration: naturally aspirated
Length: 4,620 mm (182 in)
Width: 1,872 mm (74 in)
Wheelbase: 2,880 mm (113 in)
Steering: Non-assisted rack and pinion

Race weekend:
A race weekend features one 45-minute practice session on Friday, and one 30-minute qualifying session on Saturday, followed by two races. The qualifying session is a straight fight for the fastest laptime, and determines the order of the grid for Saturday's Race 1.

Race 2 is on Sunday. The grid is decided by the Saturday result with top 8 being reversed, so the driver who finished 8th on Saturday will start from pole position and the winner will start from 8th place.

The distance of each race is decided prior to the event, however, should 30 minutes elapse before the designated number of laps are completed the lead driver will be shown the chequered flag.[6]

Points system:
2010–2011

Points system for feature race
 1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th 
10 8 6 5 4 3 2 1
Points system for sprint race
 1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th 
6 5 4 3 2 1

Pole for Saturday races: 2 points
Fastest lap: 1 point in each race
Driver recording fastest lap has to drive 90% of race laps and must finish in the top ten of the race to be eligible for the fastest lap point.
With this points system, the most number of points anyone can score in one round is 20 by claiming pole position, winning both races with the fastest lap in each race.

No driver ever did manage to get maximum points with this system. The closest drivers who have done so are Esteban Gutiérrez at the 2010 British round, who managed pole position for the feature race, won the feature race and got the fastest lap, and then came third in the sprint race, which equals a total of 17 points. Valtteri Bottas at the 2011 Hungarian round achieved pole position and won the feature race, and then came second in the sprint race, also totaling 17 points.

2012 onwards

Points system For Race 1
 1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th   9th   10th 
25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1
Points system For Race 2
 1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th 
15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1

Pole for Saturday races: 4 points
Fastest lap: 2 points in each race
Driver recording fastest lap has to drive 90% of race laps and must finish in the top ten of the race to be eligible for the fastest lap point.
With this points system, the most number of points anyone can score in one round is 48 by claiming pole position, winning both races with the fastest lap in each race.

So far throughout the new points system, no driver has achieved the maximum amount of points in a single round. In the Hungarian round of 2012, António Félix da Costa became first driver to win both races of the weekend.

Teams and drivers:
GP3 Series has ten European teams and thirty drivers representing the Series. Manor Racing, Atech CRS GP and Carlin represent Great Britain, whilst flying the French flag is GP2 Series 2009 Champions ART Grand Prix and Tech 1 Racing. MW Arden in association with ex-Formula One driver Mark Webber race under an Australian license. Spaniard Addax Team, German RSC Mücke Motorsport in association with Ralf Schumacher, Irish-Canadian Status Grand Prix, and Swiss team Jenzer Motorsport complete the lineup.

Champions:

Season Champion Second Third Team Champion
2010 Mexico Esteban Gutiérrez (ART Grand Prix) Canada Robert Wickens (Status Grand Prix) Switzerland Nico Müller (Jenzer Motorsport) France ART Grand Prix
2011 Finland Valtteri Bottas (Lotus ART) United Kingdom James Calado (Lotus ART) Netherlands Nigel Melker (RSC Mücke Motorsport) France Lotus ART
2012 New Zealand Mitch Evans (MW Arden) Germany Daniel Abt (Lotus GP) Portugal António Félix da Costa (Carlin) France Lotus GP
2013 Russia Daniil Kvyat (MW Arden) Argentina Facu Regalia (ART Grand Prix) United States Conor Daly (ART Grand Prix) France ART Grand Prix
2014 United Kingdom Alex Lynn (Carlin) United Kingdom Dean Stoneman (Koiranen GP)* Germany Marvin Kirchhöfer (ART Grand Prix) United Kingdom Carlin
2015 France Esteban Ocon (ART Grand Prix) Italy Luca Ghiotto (Trident) Germany Marvin Kirchhöfer (ART Grand Prix) France ART Grand Prix
2016 Monaco Charles Leclerc (ART Grand Prix) Thailand Alexander Albon (ART Grand Prix) Italy Antonio Fuoco (Trident)

France ART Grand Prix

*Stoneman started season with Marussia Manor Racing.

source: Wikipedia